In a nutshell: Rapidly spotting the unexpected is key to survival. This finding pinpoints the nucleus accumbens — best known for its role in reward circuits that help nudge behaviours towards positive outcomes — as important for detecting differences between the unexpected and expected.

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Dürschmid, S., Zaehle, T., Hinrichs, H., Heinze, H. J., Voges, J., Garrido, M. I., Dolan, R. J., and Knight, R. T. (2016). Sensory Deviancy Detection Measured Directly Within the Human Nucleus Accumbens. Cerebral Cortex, 26(3), 1168-1175.

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